243Published on December 13, 2021
The victory of the Bengali nation was only a matter of time when the Liberation War was coming to an end. The Pakistanis hatched new conspiracies when worldwide public support grew for the Bengali nation due to the brutality and barbarism of the Pakistanis. They then choose some Jamaat leaders to join the UN session as the representatives of the Bengali nation. By thwarting the final victory of the Bengalis, their main purpose was to block the path of independence of Bangladesh.
The US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was also involved in the plot and formed a right-wing circle with the Khondaker Mostaq Ahmad, Taheruddin Thakur, and Mahbub Alam Chashi. Their target was to prevent the defeat of Pakistanis in the Liberation War and to end the dream of independent Bangladesh forever to form a confederation state with Pakistan. As their conspiracy with US intelligence was leaked during the Liberation War, the leaders of the expatriate government became vigilant and their attempt failed. But, Jamaat left no stone unturned to suppress Bangladesh's desire for independence.
Jamaat leaders and activists not only fought directly for Pakistan on the battlefield by raping women, killing Bengalis and looting their properties but also they tried to convince different countries to stop them from supporting the freedom fighters. In November 1971 at the verge of the defeat of the Pakistani junta, Jamaat spokesman and Muslim League leader Shah Azizur Rahman went to the UN to speak in support of the Pakistani junta and against the Bengali nation. He directly placed his protests against the freedom fighters. Introducing himself as the Bengali leader of the Pakistan diplomatic mission, Shah Aziz denied the genocide carried out by the Pakistan army in Bangladesh. He even urged other Muslim countries not to recognize Bangladesh. Later, after Ziaur Rahman seized power, he appointed this person as the Prime Minister.
General Rao Farman Ali, an advisor to the then Governor-General Tikka Khan, mentioned the role of Jamaat in torturing the Bengali nation during the Liberation War. In his autobiography, he wrote, “General Niazi used to provoke the army by giving regular speeches calling Bengal as an enemy land. But I communicate with some leaders. So, Nurul Amin, Khwaja Khair, Farid Ahmed, Shafiqul Islam and Ghulam Azam came to meet Tikka and formed a peace committee. They initiated to form peace committees across the country with Muslim League, PDP, Jamaat-e-Islami and several other pro-Pakistan parties. During the war on April 7, they also brought out a procession in Dhaka on behalf of Pakistan. Another force called Razakars was also formed to guide the Pakistani army in the war, to the roads outside the capital, and to identify freedom fighters. Even armed groups like Al Badr and Al Shams, created by Niazi during the war, played a significant role in the Pakistani army. Ghulam Azam, Shah Aziz, Nizami, Mojaheed and other top Jamaat and Shibir armed men led these groups.” Khaleda Zia made these commanders of the rapists and murderers her ministers when she became prime minister.
The Razakars were originally formed to augment the strength of the Pakistani occupying forces. The Pakistani army trained about 50,000 Jamaat leaders and activists till September. Major Siddique Salik wrote in his autobiography that Niazi called on him following a meeting with Jamaat leaders. Niazi said to Salik, “From now on you will call the Razakars as Al Badr and Al Shams so it will not be understood which particular party they belong to.”